U.S. sends troops to Gabon amid election uncertainty in neighbouring Congo

U.S. President Donald Trump said on Friday military personnel had deployed to Gabon in response to possible violent demonstrations in the Democratic Republic of Congo following a disputed presidential election there.

In a letter to congressional leaders, Trump said the first of about 80 military personnel arrived in Gabon on Wednesday in case they are needed to protect U.S. citizens and diplomatic facilities in Congo’s capital Kinshasa.

He said they “will remain in the region until the security situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo becomes such that their presence is no longer needed.”

Trump said additional forces may deploy to Gabon “if necessary.”

Also Friday, Congo’s election commission scolded the Catholic church for saying its data show a clear winner in Sunday’s presidential election, asserting that the announcement could incite an “uprising.”

The church, a powerful voice in the heavily Catholic nation, has called on the electoral commission to publish the true results in “respect of truth and justice.”

The church, which deployed some 40,000 electoral observers in all polling centres, cannot say publicly who the clear winner appears to be, as Congo’s regulations forbid anyone but the electoral commission to announce results. The commission accused the church of violating the regulations.

Opposition candidate Martin Fayulu, left, and ruling party presidential candidate Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary cast their ballots. (Jerome Delay/Associated Press)

Observers have reported multiple irregularities as the vast, mineral-rich Central African country voted for a successor to departing President Joseph Kabila. This could be Congo’s first peaceful, democratic transfer of power since independence from Belgium in 1960.

The ruling party loyalist whom Kabila put forward as his preferred successor, Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, already has said he expected to win, while polling before the election had top opposition candidate Martin Fayulu ahead.

The electoral commission’s statements on Friday were in a letter to the church and were confirmed to The Associated Press by the commission’s president, Corneille Nangaa.

In a separate statement, Congo’s ruling party called the church’s attitude “irresponsible and anarchist.”

Internet blackout

International pressure is growing on Congo to restore internet service — blocked in an apparent attempt to calm election speculation — and release accurate election results, with the United States warning that those who undermine the democratic process could face U.S. sanctions.

“This being a very sensitive, a very tense period, we are concerned that these efforts to silence dissent could backfire considerably when the results are announced,” a spokeswoman for the UN human rights office, Ravina Shamdasani, said Friday, also noting intimidation of journalists, observers and rights activists. “We are watching carefully, and we are calling on all sides to refrain from the use of violence.”

Some Congolese have expressed doubt that the first election results will be released on Sunday as expected, as observers have said the internet and text messaging outage has slowed the transmission of election information. As of Thursday, the electoral commission’s president said it had collected results from about 20 per cent of polling stations.

As of Thursday, the electoral commission’s president said it had collected results from about 20 per cent of polling stations. (Jerome Delay/Associated Press)

No Western election observers were invited to watch the vote, which was meant to occur in late 2016, after Congo’s government was annoyed at international pressure amid concerns that Kabila was trying to stay in power. Ruling party candidate Shadary, a former interior minister, is under European Union sanctions for a crackdown on Congolese who protested the delayed election.

The UN Security Council met behind closed doors to discuss Congo on Friday, at France’s request. The council didn’t issue any joint statement, at least for now. It’s due to talk about Congo again in a public session Tuesday.

Friday’s meeting underscored that the council is keeping close watch on the electoral process, French Ambassador François Delattre said.

Vote counting continued slowly by hand at more than 175 compilation centres around the country. (Baz Ratner/Reuters)

Meanwhile, vote counting continued slowly by hand at more than 175 compilation centres around the country. At one centre in the capital, Kinshasa, dozens of large bags full of opaque envelopes were piled up while electoral commission agents sat in a courtyard and opened them one by one. A separate team counted ballots as observers and political parties’ witnesses watched.

“We want the electoral commission to be able to work in good conditions because we want peace and we want the true results to be published,” said Fiskas Kalombo, a witness for Fayulu’s opposition coalition. “Only the electoral commission can do that and we are here to check that this is what is done.”

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